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A brief guide to Methylphenidate|ADHD Methylphenidate|man working on computer with books Uploaded ToEverything You Need To Know About Methylphenidate|woman stretching|person taking medicine|man holding chest


Everything You Need To Know About Methylphenidate (Ritalin)

Methylphenidate, better known by its brand name Ritalin, is administered to millions of kids each year to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This stimulating nootropic combats ADHD through interfacing with natural cognitive enhancers produced in the brain.

Under the stimulating influence of methylphenidate, the mind is capable of increased focus without the distractions of impulsivity and a wandering mind. Increased physical output, task organization, and listening skills are also greatly enhanced.

For those time-pressed professionals looking for a competitive edge on their daily schedule , methylphenidate provides increased mental and physical output. It improves energy levels with soothing stimulation that does not cause agitation. Listening skills are also improved which can reduce wasted time caused by misunderstandings and confusion in communications.

Finally, those who have tried this drug as part of their nootropic plan have reported an increased knack for organization and time management.


How Methylphenidate Works

According to the experts, a dopamine-deficiency is a common occurrence in juvenile brains and is the major cause for the condition ADHD. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is applied in a great variety of mental process including paying attention and creating new associations.

Children’s brains contain compounds that quickly absorb dopamine and lead to this deficiency. Methylphenidate works to suppress the activities of these dopamine-diminishing molecules so the brain has more dopamine to work with. 1

The Role of Dopamine

Dopamine plays a role in many biological processes essential to cognitive function. In addition to its involvement in motor function and paying attention, dopamine plays a large part in our reward and motivation processing. In other words, dopamine speaks directly to the brain, illuminating the important elements in our environment and directing our attention toward them. 2

If the mind is bored, it is because primary interest has been lost to some other issue rather than the task at hand. Methylphenidate increases dopamine presence in the mind at work . This keeps other matters from intruding in the area of operations, thus greatly improving performance.

This same reaction also improves the process of coming up with new, high-quality ideas. When the mind is focused on a task, the areas of the brain related to the problem at hand become active. However, there are other parts of the brain that are active as well. This background activity is what allows new and improved associations to be made.

Those with ADHD have a very strong reception to background activity and this makes it difficult to focus on the task at hand. Dopamine works like a bouncer for the brain, screening the background activities and only allowing relevant thoughts and ideas to pass.

Nootropic Effects of Methylphenidate

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Improves Focus

Without focus, the mind can be a wasteland of directionless efforts and an uphill struggle to produce a remotely coherent idea. When surrounded by confusion, drowning in peripheral matters, and suffering the sometimes abrasive personalities of peers or professional acquaintances, work efficiency falters and time is wasted.

When the mind is sharp and the attention acute, twice the work can be done in a fraction of the time. This is because the implications of a spoken communication can be understood at a greater depth and work can be accomplished from an enlightened perspective when taking methylphenidate. 3

Decreases Impulsiveness

One of the identifying characteristics of ADHD is impulsiveness. This type of behavior is not limited to this condition. Psychologically, this is described as the tendency to act on a whim, without reflection, with little thought of the outcome. A mind that is not sharp and focused is far more likely to react to the fleeting impulses of the body . This can lead to time loss and decreased productivity as many important ideas and tasks are derailed by minor distractions.

In extreme cases, impulsiveness can lead to much more severe issues. Long term goals can be thrown off by the urge to engage in unhealthy and unwise actions in the moment.

Methylphenidate has proven very effective in normalizing the urges of the mind and allowing uninterrupted cognitive function. 4


Hyperactivity is the “H” in ADHD but is also a feature of the oppositional defiant disorder, bipolar disorder, and depression. Hyperactivity is characterized by high levels of energy and even highly increased functionality. Even though some professionals can function well under hyperactive efforts, it is not generally healthy.

Hyperactivity not only robs the mind of focus but can also result in energy loss and even insomnia. Once again, blocking transporters of dopamine allows for greater control of the mind and reduces the impulse to act by maintaining focus on a single objective. 5

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Promotes Wakefulness

Methylphenidate has also been found to be a suitable treatment for the condition of uncontrollable sleep patterns. When treating daytime drowsiness with this stimulating compound, wakefulness and full mental performance are restored. It also helps to establish an improved sleep-wake cycle which reduces the effects of the condition. 6

ADHD Treatment

From the 6 million children diagnosed with ADHD, 2 million are under the age of 5. It is not unusual for this neurodevelopmental disorder to continue into adulthood. The most significant symptoms of ADHD include cognitive difficulties, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. 7

While it is absolutely normal for children to be especially active, impulsive and immature, children with ADHD have a harder time giving up these tendencies. The symptoms of ADHD can begin to cause difficulties in their academic and personal lives.

These neurological issues have responded especially well to the application of stimulant treatments like methylphenidate. Observable reactions include increased attention spans and reduced vulnerability to distractions. In addition to a great improvement in academic pursuits, studies have found that relations with friends and family members also improve. 8

Risks and Precautions for Methylphenidate

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Age Considerations

Methylphenidate is available for adults and children with a prescription from a doctor familiar with the symptoms of ADHD. More and more adults today are being effectively treated for this condition, but this medication is not approved for children younger than 6.

Pregnant and Breastfeeding Mothers

The effects of methylphenidate on unborn and breastfeeding infants are still inconclusive. It is important to advise your medical practitioner on the specifics of your condition or intentions to become pregnant.

Risk of Dependence

Methylphenidate could be habit-forming and many reports of abuse have been made from this drug. If you have a history of drug or alcohol abuse, you should inform your doctor so the best approach can be chosen.

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Heart Conditions

As a stimulant, methylphenidate should not be taken by those with hypertension (high blood pressure) or a history of heart disease, heart attacks, or strokes. Those with circulation conditions have experienced numbness and burning in their extremities after taking methylphenidate.

Side Effects

Methylphenidate has been found to aggravate some conditions of the mind and demeanor. Those with a history of depression, bipolar disorder, or other stress and anxiety related conditions will want to speak with their psychiatrist about their options. Below is a list of potential side effects of taking methylphenidate:

  • Nervousness

  • Stomach pain

  • Loss of appetite

  • Increased heart rate

  • Sleep problems (insomnia)

  • Headaches

  • Dizziness

  • Increased blood pressure

  • Psychosis

  • Numbness


Methylphenidate is a potent nootropic used for increasing focus and concentration as well as regulating sleep and wake cycles. Taking this supplement may help increase your attentiveness and productivity but you must consult your doctor before taking.

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