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Essential Oils

Best Essential Oils for Relieving PMS Symptoms

From puberty to menopause, many women suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which occurs a week or two before the onset of menstruation and lasts until a few days before the period starts.

Symptoms can range from mood swings to serious cramping, and experts estimate that three out of four women experience PMS to some degree.

Believed to be triggered by the hormonal fluctuations that naturally occur during the menstrual cycle, specifically the sex hormones progesterone and estrogen, as well as varying levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin, PMS can be pretty severe for some women, many of whom take to their beds until the worst of the symptoms have passed. 1

PMS Symptoms


While some women may experience no noticeable symptoms of PMS, others have them all. Some common emotional and physical symptoms of PMS include:



    • Irritability or anger

    • Changes in appetite, including food cravings or binge-eating

    • Insomnia

    • Difficulty concentrating

    • Changes in libido

    • Joint or muscle pain

    • Breast tenderness


    • Fatigue

    • Water retention that leads to bloating or weight gain


    • Digestive problems


Essential Oils for Relieving PMS Symptoms


The mechanism behind many PMS symptoms is fluctuating serotonin levels during the menstrual cycle.

Serotonin is responsible for transmitting messages between nerve cells, controlling a wide range of functions including appetite, sleep, memory, cognition, mood, behavior, and other important functions.

Because serotonin levels fluctuate along with hormones during the menstrual cycle, these functions become unstable, leading to overeating, mood swings, anxiety, and more.

Serotonin also controls the body’s response to pain, which could play a role in menstrual cramps.

Luckily, essential oils offer holistic treatments to help balance hormones, protect against environmental toxins that help trigger those imbalances and boost levels of serotonin.

Alleviate Stress


There are many essential oils that contain compounds that are believed to help relieve symptoms of stress, including myrcene, Linalool, and alpha-pinene.

Some of the most effective essential oils for stress relief include:

Blue chamomile


Blue Chamomile Essential Oil


With active compounds including the monoterpene myrcene, which works in synergy with the terpene alpha-pinene to relieve symptoms of stress, blue chamomile, is especially effective at relieving the mood swings associated with PMS.

A 2016 study from the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine found that chamomile helped reduce some symptoms of anxiety, including weight gain, suggesting that it could also help control the food cravings accompanying PMS. 2

Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil


The linalool in ylang-ylang can help relieve symptoms of anxiety, improving sadness and easing tension. It also acts as a sedative, consequently relieving stress.

dill seed


Dill Seed Essential Oil


Dill seed contains the terpenoid carvone, which regulates the hormones that control emotions as well as stress and anxiety by preventing the release of blood glucose.

Wild Orange Essential Oil


Wild orange may be an effective stress reliever because it contains the terpene myrcene, which interacts with the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, both of which control feelings of well-being.

Basil Essential Oil


According to a study that appeared in the journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, basil essential oil helped relieve symptoms associated with stress, including insomnia, and fatigue in just over six weeks.

It is also considered an adaptogen and helps control hormone release by the adrenal gland, including the release of cortisol.

Lemon balm oil


Lemon Balm Essential Oil


The linalool in lemon balm essential oil is a valuable terpene that has been shown to not only ease symptoms of stress, and anxiety, but also may help protect against insomnia.

Cacao Essential Oil


Cacao contains compounds that can boost the production of both dopamine and serotonin, improving mood.

Blue Cypress Essential Oil


This essential oil contains sesquiterpenes that can help relieve stress and anxiety by boosting the activity of serotonin, which plays a role in controlling mood and tension and tends to fluctuate during PMS.

Other essential oils that may help relieve symptoms of stress through aromatherapy include star anise, juniper berry, Douglas fir, and liquidambar, although there are many others that are also likely to be effective.

Try using these essential oils in a room diffuser.

Relieve Cramps and Muscle Pain


Many essential oils have compounds that relieve pain, including discomfort associated with the cramps and muscle aches that accompany PMS.

Lavender oil


Lavender Essential Oil


In a 2012 Turkish study appearing in the journal Pain Management Nursing, nurses compared the results of massage using lavender oil and massage using a placebo oil on the pain associated with menstrual cramps. The lavender essential oil users reported better results. 3

Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil


Ylang-ylang can help relieve the pain of cramps associated with PMS because it acts as an analgesic and an anti-spasmodic, relieving pain and calming the spasms that lead to cramping.

Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil


The cinnamaldehyde in cinnamon leaf oil essential acts as a natural pain reliever, making it an effective option for relieving the pain associated with menstrual cramps. It works in synergy with eugenol, relieving both cramps and headaches, which can also occur as part of PMS. 4

peppermint


Peppermint Essential Oil


Peppermint essential oil contains a high concentration of menthol, so it not only cools but also relieves the pain associated with menstrual cramps. 5

Chamomile Essential Oil


Roman chamomile has also been shown to relieve the pain of cramps, as well as headaches and back pain that can accompany a period. It also offers antibacterial properties that can help reduce acne caused by hormonal fluctuations.

Another study found that a blend of clary sage, cinnamon, ginger, marjoram, and geranium in a base of almond oil was an effective remedy for menstrual cramps. 6

Try using some of the essential oils mentioned above topically after diluting them with a carrier oil or aromatically in a room diffuser or personal aromatherapy.

Regulate Periods and Hormonal Imbalances


Some women, especially those who have a low body weight, are under chronic stress, are exposed to environmental toxins, or who exercise regularly, may have irregular periods.

Some essential oils, however, have been shown to promote healthy hormonal balance, allowing for a more regular cycle.

Motherwort Essential Oil


In addition to relieving the pain of menstrual cramps, motherwort can help regulate irregular periods. It has been used for this purpose in both European folk medicine and traditional Chinese herbal medicine.

jasmine flower


Jasmine Essential Oil


According to researchers, jasmine oil helps promote healthy hormone levels. 7

Clary Sage Essential Oil


Clary sage stimulates the pituitary gland, helping promote hormonal balance. 8

geranium flowers


Geranium Essential Oil


Geranium helps regulate hormone levels by impacting the adrenal cortex, where hormones are generated, easing many of the symptoms associated with PMS and helping regulate periods. 9

Conclusion


Because menstruation is such an ever-present part of a woman's life from puberty to menopause, finding the best ways to manage PMS symptoms is essential.

From relieving headaches to helping relieve aches and pains, essential oils can provide support and improve overall health and well-being.

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